Daily Archives: 16 septembrie, 2009

UNIX Tutorial for Beginners

UNIX Tutorial for Beginners

Source: http://www.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Teaching/Unix/ (Better read from source, if available)

Introduction to the UNIX Operating System

  • What is UNIX?
  • Files and processes
  • The Directory Structure
  • Starting an UNIX terminal

Tutorial One

  • Listing files and directories
  • Making Directories
  • Changing to a different Directory
  • The directories . and ..
  • Pathnames
  • More about home directories and pathnames

Tutorial Two

  • Copying Files
  • Moving Files
  • Removing Files and directories
  • Displaying the contents of a file on the screen
  • Searching the contents of a file

Tutorial Three

  • Redirection
  • Redirecting the Output
  • Redirecting the Input
  • Pipes

Tutorial Four

  • Wildcards
  • Filename Conventions
  • Getting Help

Tutorial Five

  • File system security (access rights)
  • Changing access rights
  • Processes and Jobs
  • Listing suspended and background processes
  • Killing a process

Tutorial Six

  • Other Useful UNIX commands

Tutorial Seven

  • Compiling UNIX software packages
  • Download source code
  • Extracting source code
  • Configuring and creating the Makefile
  • Building the package
  • Running the software
  • Stripping unnecessary code

Tutorial Eight

  • UNIX variables
  • Environment variables
  • Shell variables
  • Using and setting variables

UNIX Introduction

What is UNIX?

UNIX® License PlateUNIX is an operating system which was first developed in the 1960s, and has been under constant development ever since. By operating system, we mean the suite of programs which make the computer work. It is a stable, multi-user, multi-tasking system for servers, desktops and laptops.

UNIX systems also have a graphical user interface (GUI) similar to Microsoft Windows which provides an easy to use environment. However, knowledge of UNIX is required for operations which aren’t covered by a graphical program, or for when there is no windows interface available, for example, in a telnet session.

Types of UNIX

The Linux PenguinThere are many different versions of UNIX, although they share common similarities. The most popular varieties of UNIX are Sun Solaris, GNU/Linux, and MacOS X.

Here in the School, we use Solaris on our servers and workstations, and Fedora Linux on Citește în continuare

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